There are many anti-hypertensives or medications to lower high blood pressure available, and each comes with its own pros and cons. You may be prescribed one or several medications depending on your specific high blood pressure reading. Apart from medications however, you must likewise make healthy lifestyle habits to ensure that you keep your blood pressure levels under control, including eating healthy, exercising regularly to ensure a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and restricting alcohol intake. Below are some of the more commonly prescribed medications for treating hypertension.
These function to keep the nonadrenaline hormone from clenching or narrowing your veins and smaller arteries’ muscles to ensure that they stay relaxed and open. This effectively reduced blood pressure and enhanced blood circulation. Alpha-blockers likewise relieve urine flow in men combatting prostate issues. Common adverse effects include headache, nausea, pounding heartbeat, and hypotension.
ACE Inhibitors or Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme
ACE Inhibitors permit your blood vessels to properly open by inhibiting the production of the angiotensin hormone. These are specifically helpful for those with kidney issues or diabetes. Side effects can include dry cough, as well as headache and dizziness.
ARBs or Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
ARBs relax your blood vessels by hindering the constricting action of angiotensin II. These are prescribed to people who can’t tolerate ACE inhibitors. Adverse effects include lightheadedness, dizziness, and headache.
These medication function by inhibiting particular hormonal and nerve signals to your blood vessels and heart to reduce blood pressure. Side effects normally include cold limbs, feet, and hands, constipation, lightheadedness, and slower heartbeat.
Vasodilators or Blood Vessel Dilators
These cause relaxation of the blood vessels’ wall muscles, specifically the arterioles, and allow them to widen, ensuring improved blood circulation. Typical adverse effects include rapid heartbeat, headache, fluid retention and dizziness. An experienced pharmacist in a leading pharmacy in Singapore states that you must never stop treatment or modify the frequency and dose of your medications without your doctor’s instructions.
Calcium Channel Blockers
These are capable of preventing calcium from entering blood vessel and heart muscle cells so your cells can relax and keep your blood pressure in check. Normal side effects include rapid heartbeat, constipation, headache, swelling extremities, and breath shortness.
It is extremely crucial that you discuss treatment options with your doctor, so that you can fully understand how it can help you. In fact, you will also know the potential adverse effects.