The Role of the Thyroid Gland in Your Health

a human's thyroidOne of the rising health concerns now are diseases of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is an organ found at the front and base of the neck. It regulates your metabolism and releases hormones for your body’s growth and development. A wellness center in Las Vegas, California explains that any problem involving the thyroid gland can lead to numerous complications related to growth and metabolism.

Hypothyroidism vs Hyperthyroidism: What’s the difference?

Hypothyroidism, also known as an under active thyroid, is a condition wherein the thyroid gland is not producing sufficient amounts of the thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism is a common problem among women, especially those 60 years old and above. During the early stages of the disease, signs, and symptoms may be absent, so even the patient doesn’t know that they might have the disease already. But as the disease progresses, it may lead to numerous complications of the heart, joints, reproduction, weight problems and even memory.

Hyperthyroidism, also known as an overactive thyroid, is a disorder characterized by the production of excessive amounts of hormones. High levels of thyroid hormone can wreak havoc on your metabolism, cardiac and nervous system functions and even bone, eye and skin problems may also arise.

Graves’ Disease

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune response is attacking your cells and organs. The continuous attack of the immune system to your thyroid glands makes it swell and produce more thyroid hormone leading to hyperthyroidism. Graves’ disease is one of the most common underlying cause of hyperthyroidism and can lead to serious medical problems of the eyes, skin, muscles, and heart. Anxiety, increased perspiration, heat intolerance, weight loss, bulging eyes, enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), decreased libido, fast heartbeat and thick red skin are some of the problems that may be encountered by patients with Graves’ disease.

Hashimoto’s Disease

Hashimoto’s disease is also an autoimmune disease when the body’s immune system attacks and damages the thyroid gland resulting in decreasing in thyroid hormone production which ultimately leads to hypothyroidism. Hashimoto’s disease is one of the most common causes of hypothyroidism in the United States. Weight gain decreased memory retention, and high cholesterol all lead to heart problems when one suffers from Hashimoto’s disease.

The thyroid gland may be small but has a significant and very important role in maintaining your normal body regulation and development. Seek help and consultation if you think you might be exhibiting any of these symptoms. Many wellness centers in Las Vegas can help you manage and control your thyroid problems and help prevent further complications.