Dental trauma is a constant danger in most contact sports. Accident and violence-related incidents cause orofacial trauma that could permanently alter dental function. Mouth guards are the precaution sporting events take in order to protect athletes in their respective controlled environments. But, mouth protectors are not simple dentures that can fit different people. Fabricating custom ones ensures that the final product fits the athlete without causing distraction or discomfort.
Athletes have three types of mouth guards to choose from, depending on their budget, duration and level of play. Even athletes from non-contact sports can benefit from the safety they provide. The best option is the custom mouth guard, with its fabrication process detailed below. Having a custom mouth protector eliminates all spaces for the teeth to move, unlike ready-made or stock mouth guards.
Stock mouth guards are purchasable from most department stores and sporting good outlets. These cannot fit all people, and tend to be very bulky. Finally, the mouth-formed or boil-and-bite mouth protectors are a popular among people who want a comfortable fit for a lower price and durability.
For athletes who want a personal, long-lasting mouth protector, however, the custom type is the recommended choice according to dentists from Unidental-uk.com. The fabrication process begins with the application of light and heavy putty on the teeth, gums, and along the bases of the jaw. This creates an exact replica of a person’s teeth structure, which the dentist casts into a more solid stone mould.
Specialized dental equipment creates the mouth guard itself. By placing the mould below a machine that applies heated ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), the stone mould renders a form-fitting mouth protector only the patient can use. EVA is very durable once it hardens, able to withstand impact and prevent dental deviation caused by exterior trauma.
Not all mouth guards are similar, but the discipline surrounding their use is consistent. Proper cleaning, inspection, and use prevent discomfort and premature wear. Following safety and general guidelines in any sporting event is important in avoiding any type of injury, especially when the face is involved.