Your thyroid gland is a tiny gland shaped like a butterfly and located at your neck’s base, directly below your Adam’s apple. It is just one of the many other glands that make up your endocrine system. Your endocrine system functions to coordinate plenty of your body’s crucial activities. Your thyroid produces hormones for regulating your body’s metabolism, which is the process of producing and using energy.
Therefore, if the thyroid gland malfunctions, such as when it stops producing enough hormones or produces too much, your body could be in for a roller coaster ride — but not the fun kind.
Most Common Thyroid Disorders
Although there are many kinds of thyroid disorders, the most common conditions include hyperthyroidism, when the thyroid is overactive, and hypothyroidism, when the thyroid is underactive.
The most common warning signs of hyperthyroidism include the following:
- Forceful and rapid heartbeat
- Unexplained weight loss, even if appetite is sufficient
- Muscular weakness
- Vision changes
- Excessive sweating and intolerance to heat
- Sleeplessness, anxiety, and restlessness
On the other hand, hypothyroidism patients typically experience the following symptoms:
- Extreme intolerance to cold
- Slow and weak heartbeat
- Severe and constant fatigue, along with muscular weakness
- Dry or puffy and thick skin
- Increased thyroid size or goiter
- Poor memory and slow mental processing
According to a thyroid management professional at Reverehealth.com, it’s vital to note that every case is different and would generally be dependent on many different factors. A person won’t necessarily experience all the common warning signs, while some might experience the abovementioned symptoms even if he or she doesn’t have a thyroid disorder.
Outlook for Thyroid Disorders
In the majority of cases, thyroid disorders are for the most part easily treatable, not life threatening, and could be managed well with proper treatment. Some cases might require surgery. When left neglected, however, a thyroid disorder could wreak havoc on other systems in your body. Improved understanding and awareness of thyroid disorders is necessary, you would be better equipped to detect potential thyroid issues before they go out of hand and cause more damage in the body.