A cataract is a type of eye disease that causes the lens of the eyes to cloud and blur. Cataracts usually form gradually over time as you age, but in some cases, a cataract can develop quite rapidly. This eye disease happens typically when there are changes in the protein structures of the natural lens of the eyes over an extended period.
This extended period of time is the reason why it is normally experienced by the elderly, but, in some cases, even the younger generation can develop cataracts as well. Hereditary enzyme defects, genetic disease, eye trauma, previous eye surgery, overexposure to UV rays, smoking, and medications like steroids are just some of the factors that can cause early development of cataracts.
Signs and Symptoms of Cataracts
The most common sign that you may have cataracts are visual changes like increased nearsightedness, blurred vision, double vision in one eye, and oversensitivity to bright lights such as car headlights and sunlight. You may also see everything in less vibrant colors and need constant changes in your eyeglass prescription.
However, the formation of cataracts varies from person to person, so the symptoms will differ, as well. Also, cataracts are known to develop gradually with no eye redness, pain, or other symptoms unless your case becomes significantly advanced. In this instance, you will need to consult with an eye expert in New Jersey to see if you will need a cataract surgery.
What to Expect From Cataract Surgery?
Before the surgery, you will be given an artificial lens called an IOL and will be prescribed with an eye drop to help prevent infection. And if you are taking medications, you may be asked to stop taking some of them before your surgery. You will also be asked not to eat any solid food at least six hours before your surgery.
Cataract removal is an outpatient procedure that can be done in a outpatient facility or hospital. The procedure takes about 15 minutes, depending on your case, but you will be in the surgery center for about two to two and a half hours. You will also be awake throughout the procedure, but don’t worry – you will not feel a thing or see what the doctor is doing. You will be given a light sedative to make you comfortable. After the surgery, you will need to rest for 15 to 20 minutes in the recovery room before you can be discharged.
Before being discharged, you will be given thorough instructions from your doctor on how to take care of your eyes. Make sure to follow them religiously, and keep your post-op appointment the following day to avoid any complications.