Doctors define oral cancer as the abnormal and uncontrollable cell growth that damages surrounding tissues. This is a life-threatening mouth sore that does not seem to go away, gravely affecting the areas of the lips, tongue, cheeks, soft and hard palate, mouth floor, throat or pharynx and sinuses.
If not treated early, oral cancer gets worse and becomes more fatal. Weybridge dentists from DannyTheDentist.co.uk recommend oral cancer screening during initial appointments to the office. This short procedure proves to be effective and helpful in identifying symptoms of the disease.
People More Prone to Develop the Disease
Studies show that men are twice at risk of developing oral cancer than women; those aged 50 years and above are at even greater risks. One of the risk factors for the development of the disease is smoking. Whether people smoke cigar, cigarettes or pipe, they are six times more prone to oral cancer.
Surprisingly, even smokeless tobacco smokers that use dip, snuff or chewing tobacco products are at high risk. They are 50 times more likely to develop oral cancer in the gums, lips and cheeks. People are also six times more prone to the disease if they consume excessive amounts of alcohol.
Other risk factors include family history of cancer, excessive exposure to the sun or UV rays and human papillomavirus (HPV), which is also a risk factor for Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC).
Approaches to Avoid Cancer from Developing
Given the risk factors, one can conclude that the most fitting way to prevent oral cancer is to avoid or get rid of smoking habits. People should also drink alcohol in moderation and refrain from binge drinking. They should observe a healthy diet accompanied by an active lifestyle or daily exercises.
Exposure to the sun gives people sufficient amount of D vitamins, but they should minimise the time of exposure and avoid doing it from 9 am onwards.
Oral cancer is life-threatening when left untreated. People should see their dentist regularly or when they notice signs of the disease. In addition, undertaking a cancer screening test is highly recommended.